Moon Craters

I have always found the moon so interesting. It is such a beautiful ignored object in the night sky. It is there every night without fail but how often do we look up and look for it?

Most of the time its either cloudy or I can’t see it because the houses block out the sky.

There is so much to learn about the moon. How it affects our planet and the tides. How we use it as a calendar and how our bodies synchronise with it. But for our moon topic I wanted to keep it simple.

We started of by reading this book Fact Cat – The Moon

It is a very simple easy to read book great for young children, telling you lots of facts about the moon. I learnt a lot myself.

Fact Cat Moon

There is a great two page spread about the surface of the moon and how craters are formed .

Fact Cat Moon

Then we did this simple hands on experiment about how craters were made.

The aim is to make moon dust. However we only had mustard oil which I made the mistake of using. Hence our yellow stodgy moon in the photos.

This is great for young and older children alike as cups are used to measure rather than scales meaning there are no big numbers to read if the child doesn’t know their numbers yet.

Try and let your children gather all the things needed and measure them out themselves with guidance.

They can have fun going outside to search for different size and shape rocks.

This is also great for sensory play as the child can mix the ingredients with their hands.


With help from the book explain to the child what a meteor is and how the craters in the moon were created by the meteors hitting the moon’s surface.

You will need:

  • Flour
  • Baby Oil
  • Circular Cake Tin
  • Rocks
  1. Measure 4 cups of flour and put it in the cake tin.
  2. Measure 1/2 cup of baby oil.
  3. Mix them together using your hands until well combined.
  4. Now gently drop a rock into the mixture. Whats happens?
  5. Throw the rock into the mixture. Observe what happens?
  6. From a distance throw the rock in the mixture. Talk about what has happened?

Pan floor

The different distances and forces should make deep craters and shallow craters. If you have a toy figurine you could make footprints on the moon like the astronaughts made in real life!

Moon Craters

To top it off we watched this video about Moon phases. I like to watch videos as I know children love watching youtube and if they were not listening the first time they sure will this time.

We had lots of fun doing this activity. If you can do it outside even better as it can get a bit messy.

***This post contains affiliate links to companies that I recommend***

Do you love the moon but never look at it ?

Do you know any good moon related books I should read?

Let me know in the comments below and if you liked the post please share 🧡

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6 thoughts on “Moon Craters

  1. Naomi says:

    #KidsandKreativity My nephew is absolutely space made, I’m gonna have to give this a go with him and try and source a couple copies of this book-my moon knowledge is shocking!


  2. Kerry says:

    I think I might have to get that book for my space obsessed son! He would love this experiment too. I love the moon. I bought a telescope for my OH last Christmas and on a clear night you can see so much detail on the moon surface, it fascinates me! Thank you for linking up at #KidsandKreativity, I would be lovely to see you again next time x


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